What Happens in a Share Purchase Agreement

Keep in mind that most companies will have common shares, but not all preferred shares. The preceding terms or closing conditions are provisions agreed upon by the parties that must be complied with or repealed before the acquisition can be completed. Precedents are usually attributed to a particular party, but some may apply to both parties. Failure to comply with a closing condition generally gives the counterparty the right to abandon the transaction without liability. This prevents the parties from not receiving what they have negotiated. In the case of a deferred closing, events may occur after the execution of the SPA and a party is invited to terminate the SPA before the closure (by mutual agreement or due to the occurrence – or non-occurrence – of certain events). Typically, the selling side drafts the first share purchase agreement. You upload the draft to the virtual data room towards the end of the second round. This follows several rounds before and back between lawyers from both sides. In most M&A transactions, the purchase price is generally determined against the most recent financial statements of a target company. Purchase price adjustments typically protect a buyer from changes in the value of the target between the date the target is valued and the transaction is completed. In this context, buyers and sellers must agree on a valuation method and have applied similar or coordinated accounting methods.

If a corporation or individual acquires or sells shares of another corporation, a share purchase agreement must be entered into. For example, in a partnership with two partners, if one of the partners goes bankrupt, the other partner can buy the shares using a share purchase agreement. During the period from the execution of the share purchase agreement to the actual transfer of the shares, the sellers would continue to carry on the company`s activities. However, the value of the shares would have been determined in advance based on the company`s books, but the company would use its assets and incur liabilities in the ordinary course of business. To ensure that the company`s position does not differ during the transition period, pre-closing covenants are incorporated into the share purchase agreement. Prerequisites are all actions that must be taken by both parties before the transaction or sale of shares takes place. For the seller, these conditions result in the due diligence carried out by the buyer. The buyer usually does not have suspensive conditions that he must fulfill, but it depends on the case by case and the mutual agreement of the parties. Details of any compensation provided by the buyer or seller are also listed, which covers any costs that may arise after the transaction due to conditions that existed prior to the closing of the transaction.

The special tax treatment to which the buyer or seller may be entitled is also listed in the contract. The share purchase agreement is often abbreviated to “SPA”. For the avoidance of doubt, please note that the generic term “purchase agreement” is sometimes abbreviated to SPA. The forward purchase agreement usually includes the following: in the case of a sale of shares between two parties, a draft SPA is usually prepared by the buyer`s legal representatives, since the buyer is most concerned about the fact that the SPA will protect him from any liability after the sale. When a business is sold at auction, the seller`s lawyers usually prepare a draft share purchase agreement and make it available to interested bidders for inspection. After negotiating the terms of the SPA and the due diligence process, the parties each sign the SPA, the buyer pays the purchase price and the shares are officially transferred to the buyer using a share transfer form. As a rule, this takes place on the same day. A holdback is a tool used by buyers to withhold payment of a portion of the purchase price until a post-closing condition is met.